Emerald Ash Borer

The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) is a non-native invasive species that has killed millions of ash trees in southwestern Ontario, and in the United States of America. Emerald Ash Borer poses a major economic and environmental threat to urban and forested areas in both countries (Canadian Food Inspection Agency website, 2010).

The Emerald Ash Borer attacks and kills all species of ash, except mountain ash that is not an actual ash. With artificial spread, where people move infested ash materials and firewood to new areas, this insect can quickly spread to other areas of Canada (Canadian Food Inspection Agency website, 2010).

In 2009, Emerald Ash Borer was detected by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) in the Niagara Region. The Niagara Region has been deemed by the CFIA as a “regulated area”. A regulated area is an area where specific ash materials are not to be moved out of in order to prevent the spread of EAB. A Federal Ministerial Order has been put in place that prohibits the movement of any ash material and firewood of all ash species out of the Niagara Region into non-regulated areas unless written permission is given by the CFIA. See below for a map from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency of regulated areas in southern Ontario, as of 2013.

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