Wainfleet Wetlands

Recreational Activities Available


Once covered by a shallow, warm sea between 450 – 300 million years ago, what is now the Wainfleet Wetlands Conservation Area was the site of a clay and limestone quarry from the late 19th century until the 1960’s.  Fossils of the plants and animals that lived in the Paleozoic sea can be seen in the exposed limestone of the Onondaga Formation, in the quarry walls and rock tableland.

Purchased by the NPCA in 1978, today the quarries and clay pits have naturalized and are home for fish, birds, waterfowl, turtles, snakes and plants. Unique alvar communities of rock loving plants also thrive here in the shallow soils, in addition to the site woodlots and meadows.

This wetland is unique as it attracts a large variety of bird species. Over 50 different species of birds has been sighted at the Wainfleet Wetlands. Yellow warblers are the most common, and wading and shorebirds are plentiful. Some of the birds which you are likely to see include great blue herons, egrets, gulls, terns, and sandpipers.

This site is a Bronze Plaque Award winner for quarry rehabilitation work with the Management of Abandoned Aggregate Properties Program, awarded for efforts to increase wetland development and habitat cover for improved diversity and function in the landscape. Make a point of visiting area, rich in natural and cultural history, but please remember to take only photographs and leave natures treasures in place.

Related Contacts

Furtney, Gregg
Conservation Areas Supervisor

Operating Hours
Year round, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.


  • Wainfleet Wetlands

    Wainfleet Wetlands

More Information

Controlled Hunting
Visit the Hunters & Anglers page for details and restrictions


NPCA Comments on Recent Job Changes within the Organization: Providing Context and Facts Regarding Recent Matters

October 11, 2017 (WELLAND, ON) - In response to several inaccurate union claims and MPP statements, the NPCA is correcting the record to assure the public that the Niagara Peninsula Conservation Au

Watershed Conditions Statement

OCTOBER 9 - This notice is intended to update the public and local municipalities of the status of the watercourses within the Niagara Peninsula and the eastern portions of the City of Hamilton and